Basic Metabolic Panel


Sunquest Code:CBASIC  
Epic Code:LAB15Epic Name:Basic Metabolic Panel
Synonyms:BMP; CBASIC; CHEM 8; Electrolytes
Methodology:See individual test listings
Test Includes:Anion gap, calcium, chloride, CO2, creatinine, glucose, potassium, sodium, urea nitrogen
Turnaround Time:Performed and reported 24 hours/day.
Associated Links:

Panel Codes



Collection Instructions

Specimen:Blood
Optimal Volume:2.5 mL
Minimum\Peds Volume:0.6 mL
Container:Green (lithium heparin, gel) (Green (lithium heparin) on ICE, Red (no gel), Red or gold (gel), Dry heparin syringe)
Collection Instructions:Do not allow patient to clench/unclench hand.
Causes for Rejection:Specimen not separated from cells within 2 hours of collection (4 hours for Home Health specimens).


Processing and Shipping

Specimen Processing:Process within 2 hours (4 hours for Home Health specimens). Centrifuge and aliquot 1.25 mL, 0.2 mL minimum. Store in refrigerator.
Shipping Instructions:Ship at refrigerated temperature.
Stability:Stability: See individual test codes.
Test Performed at or Referral Lab Chemistry  (University of Minnesota Health Maple Grove Clinics, Fairview Range - FRMC, UMMC-East Bank, Oxboro Bloom, Fairview Lakes - FLMC, Fairview Ridges - FRH, Fairview Northland - FNMC, Fairview Southdale - FSH, UMMC/UMMCH-West Bank, M Health Clinic and Surgery Center)


Interpretive

Critical Range:
Na Less than 120 mmol/L Greater than 160 mmol/L
K Less than 2.7 mmol/L Greater than 6.0 mmol/L
CO2 Less than 11 mmol/L Greater than 45 mmol/L
Gluc
   0-71 h
   3 d - 5 mo
   6 mo & older


Less than 40 mg/dL
Less than 51 mg/dL
Less than 51 mg/dL



Greater than 200 mg/dL
Greater than 200 mg/dL
Greater than 500 mg/dL
 
Ca Less than 6.00 mg/dL Greater than 14.0 mg/dL
   
Reference Range:
Age Na
mmol/L
K*
mmol/L
CO2
mmol/L
Anion Gap
nMol/L
0-30 d 133-146 3.2-6.0 17-29 3-14
1-11 mo 133-143 3.2-6.0 17-29 3-14
1-15 y 133-143 3.4-5.3 20-32 3-14
16-19 y 133-144 3.4-5.3 20-32 3-14
20 y & older 133-144 3.4-5.3 20-32 3-14
*Serum Values may be 0.1-0.2 mmol/L greater than plasma or whole blood values.

Chloride
Age Male
mmol/L
Female
mmol/L
0-19 y 98-110 96-110
20 y & older 94-109 94-109

Calcium
Age mg/dL
0-11 m 8.5-10.7
1-18 y 9.1-10.3
19 y & older 8.5-10.1

Glucose
Age Fasting Casual
0-47 h 40-99 mg/dL 50-139 mg/dL
48 h-5 mo 51-99 mg/dL 51-139 mg/dL
6 mo & older 70-99 mg/dL 70-139 mg/dL

Creatinine*
Age Crea*, F
mg/dL
Crea*, M
mg/dL
0-21 d 0.33-1.01 0.33-1.01
22 d - 8 y 0.15-0.53 0.15-0.53
9-14 y 0.39-0.73 0.39-0.73
15-19 y 0.50-1.00 0.53-1.00
20 y & older 0.52-1.04 0.66-1.25
*Varies with amount of muscle mass present. Slightly lower in females, decreasing with age.

Urea Nitrogen
Age mg/dL
0-14 d 3-23
15 d-11 mo 3-17
1-9 y 9-22
10-18 y, male 7-21
10-18 y, female 7-19
19 y & older 7-30
 
Use:Broad assessment of several organ systems.


Click HERE to Report test errors or omissions.
*If no email program is associated with this computer, please contact:
systemlabguide@fairview.org for TestID: 2734"