Basic Metabolic Panel


Sunquest Code:CBASIC  
Epic Code:LAB15Epic Name:Basic Metabolic Panel
Synonyms:BMP; CBASIC; CHEM 8; Electrolytes
Methodology:See individual test listings
CPT Code:----------CPTCODES HERE----------
Test Includes:Anion gap, calcium, chloride, CO2, creatinine, glucose, potassium, sodium, urea nitrogen
Turnaround Time:Performed and reported 24 hours/day.
Associated Links:

Panel Codes



Collection Instructions

Specimen:Blood
Optimal Volume:2.5 mL
Minimum\Peds Volume:0.6 mL
Container:Green (lithium heparin, gel) (Green (lithium heparin) on ICE, Red (no gel), Red or gold (gel), Dry heparin syringe)
Collection Instructions:Do not allow patient to clench/unclench hand.
Causes for Rejection:Specimen not separated from cells within 2 hours of collection (4 hours for Home Health specimens).


Processing and Shipping

Specimen Processing:Process within 2 hours (4 hours for Home Health specimens). Centrifuge and aliquot 1.25 mL, 0.2 mL minimum. Store in refrigerator.
Shipping Instructions:Ship at refrigerated temperature.
Test Performed at or Referral Lab Chemistry  (University of Minnesota Health Maple Grove Clinics, Fairview Range - FRMC, UMMC-East Bank, Oxboro Bloom, Fairview Lakes - FLMC, Fairview Ridges - FRH, Fairview Northland - FNMC, Fairview Southdale - FSH, UMMC/UMMCH-West Bank, M Health Clinic and Surgery Center)


Interpretive

Critical Range:
Na Less than 120 mmol/L Greater than 160 mmol/L
K Less than 2.7 mmol/L Greater than 6.0 mmol/L
CO2 Less than 11 mmol/L Greater than 45 mmol/L
Gluc
   0-71 h
   3 d - 5 mo
   6 mo & older


Less than 40 mg/dL
Less than 51 mg/dL
Less than 51 mg/dL



Greater than 200 mg/dL
Greater than 200 mg/dL
Greater than 500 mg/dL
 
Ca Less than 630 mg/dL Greater than 14.0 mg/dL
   
Reference Range:

 

 

Age

Na
mmol/L

K*
mmol/L

CO2
mmol/L

AnionGap
nMol/L

0-30 d

133-146

3.2-6.0

17-29

3-14

1-11 mo

133-143

3.2-6.0

17-29

3-14

1-15 y

133-143

3.4-5.3

20-32

3-14

16 y & older

133-144

3.4-5.3

20-32

3-14

*Serum values may be 0.1-0.2 mmol/L greater than plasma or whole blood values.

* Anion Gap calculation: Na-(Cl + CO2)

 

Chloride

 

Age

Male

mmol/L

Female

mmol/L

0-19 y

98-110

96-110

20 y & older

94-109

94-109

 

Glucose

Age

mg/dL

0-47 h

40-99

48 h - 5 mo

50-99

6 mo & older

70-99

 

Calcium

 

Age

Ca
mg/dL

0-11 mo

8.5-10.7

1 y-18 y

9.1-10.3

19 y & older

8.5-10.1

 

Creatinine*

 

Age

Female
mg/dL

Male
mg/dL

0-21 d

0.33-1.01

0.33-1.01

22 d – 8 y

0.15–0.53

0.15–0.53

9-14 y

0.39-0.73

0.39-0.73

15-19 y

0.50-1.00

0.50-1.00

20 y & older

0.52-1.04

0.66-1.25

Reference range varies with amount of muscle mass present. Slightly lower in females, decreasing with age.

 

Urea Nitrogen

Age

mg/dL

0-14 d

3-23

15-11 mo

3-17

1-9 y

9-22

10-18 y; male

7-21

10-18 y; female

7-19

19 y and older

7-30

 

 

Use:Broad assessment of several organ systems.


Click HERE to Report test errors or omissions.
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