Blood, Feces, Immunochemical Test Qualitative


Sunquest Code:IFOBT  
Epic Code:LAB695Epic Name:Immunos Occult Blood
Order Instructions:For outpatients: 1-3 test cards.
Synonyms:Blood, Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT); Blood, Stool; Occult Blood, Feces; Occult Blood, Stool
Methodology:Immunochemical
CPT Code:82274
Turnaround Time:Performed and reported 24 hours/day at Fairview Range Medical Center and Mon-Fri at Fairview clinics.
Special Instructions:For monitoring GI bleeding, random fecal specimens are tested; stomach contents or vomitus should be tested using Gastroccult.


Collection Instructions

Specimen:Specimen collection tube with stool sample collected or specimen card(s) with stool sample applied.
Collection Instructions:

 

Patient Instructions:

1.     Remove one collection card from paper dispensing envelope. Using a ball-point pen, write your name, ID# (if applicable), the doctor’s name and collection date on the collection card.

2.     Open front of the collection card. Use one stick to collect a small sample. Apply a thin smear covering the top section of the box. Collect a second sample from a different part of stool with same stick. Apply a thin smear covering the lower section of the box. Smear the sample between the top and bottom section of the sample boxes.

3.     Close and secure front flap section by inserting it under tab. Allow the sample to air dry overnight.

Caution:

·         Do not place sampled collection card in any moisture-proof material such as plastic bags.

·         Do not store collection card in refrigerator at any time.

4.       If used, flush collection tissue; discard stick in a waste container. Do not flush stick.

5.       Repeat steps 2-5 for the next two days, using collection cards 2 and 3. After completing the last collection card, allow the sample to air dry. The next day, place the collection cards in the Mailing Pouch Seal pouch carefully and immediately return to your doctor or laboratory.

 

Note: Current U.S. Postal Regulations prohibit mailing completed collection cards in any standard paper envelope.

 

Patient Instructions for Fairview Range Medical Center

1.       Unscrew the purple cap from the sample collection tube.

2.       Poke spiral applicator into stool at 6 different sites. Use only enough fecal material to cover the tip of the applicator.

3.       Screw the applicator back into the tube and secure tightly.

4.       Insert sample collection tube into specimen pouch and seal.

5.       Return the sample packet as soon as possible to the clinic or laboratory.

 

Patient Preparation:

 

·          Do not collect samples during or until 3 days after menstrual period or if hematuria, obvious rectal bleeding, e.g. hemorrhoids, is present.

·          Do not collect from stool under water.

·          Coumadin and other prescription medications are usually not restricted.

 



Processing and Shipping

Specimen Processing:Store at room temperature for up to 14 days..
Shipping Instructions:Ship at room temperature. Must arrive within 14 days.
Test Performed at or Referral Lab Chemistry  (Fairview Range - FRMC, Fairview Northland - FNMC, Fairview Clinics)


Interpretive

Reference Range:Blood: Negative
Use:This test addresses many of the weakness of the guaiac test (GT) currently used. The FIT has superior sensitivity and specificity. The FIT sensitivities for cancer are 66 to 82 percent vs. GT sensitivities of 13 to 39 percent; however, the sensitivities for polyps less than 1 cm are more modest at 20 percent. The FIT uses antibodies specific for human globulin and, unlike the guaiac test, is specific for colorectal bleeding and not affected by diet or medications. There is some evidence that FIT use improves patient participation in screening for colorectal cancer. In 2004, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) concluded that adequate evidence existed to determine that the FIT is an appropriate and effective colorectal cancer screening test for detecting fecal occult blood in Medicare beneficiaries aged 50 years or greater.


Click HERE to Report test errors or omissions.
*If no email program is associated with this computer, please contact:
systemlabguide@fairview.org for TestID: 4064"