Respiratory Panel PCR, Nasopharyngeal Swab

Sunquest Code:RPNP  
Epic Code:LAB8167Epic Name:Respiratory Panel PCR-NP Swab
Synonyms:Viral Panel, Respiratory; Extended Respiratory Virus Panel; VCRE; Influenza, RSV, Adeno, Parainfluenza, Rhinovirus,Metapneumovirus; Viral PCR; Adenovirus; Enterovirus; Coronavirus; Mycoplasma pneumoniae; Chlamydia pneumoniae
Methodology:Multiplex nucleic acid amplification with probe detection.
Test Includes:This test does not test for COVID-19 (Coronavirus). See COVID-19 (Coronavirus) PCR for testing information.

The following virus types and bacteria are identified in the panel: Adenovirus, Coronavirus, Human Metapneumovirus, Human Rhinovirus/Enterovirus, Influenza A (H1, H3, 2009 H1N1), Influenza B, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) A, Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) B, Parainfluenza Virus (1, 2, 3 and 4), Chlamydia pneumoniae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

This test detects Coronavirus 229E, HKU1, NL63 and OC43, but does not distinguish between them. It does not detect MERS (Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome), SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) or 2019-nCoV (2019 Novel) Coronavirus.
Turnaround Time:Performed 7 days/week; reported within 24-48 hours.
Associated Links:

IDDL (Microbiology/Virology) Collection Container Guidelines, Nasopharyngeal Swab Collection

Collection Instructions

Specimen:Nasopharyngeal swab in universal viral transport media
Container:NP Swab in UTM
Collection Instructions:Nasopharyngeal swab: Insert flocked swab into nostril to back of nasopharynx. Rub nasopharynx and remove swab carefully. Put the swab into 1 mL viral transport media.
For other respiratory samples, see Viral,Culture, Respiratory (VCULTR) or Respiratory Virus Panel by PCR, Bronchial Wash (RPVBW).
Causes for Rejection:Calcium-alginate swabs (shown to inhibit PCR), dry or moistened cotton swabs, sputum or non-respiratory specimens. Sputum, tracheal aspirates, bronch washes, tissue and throat swabs are not acceptable.

Processing and Shipping

Specimen Processing:Store in refrigerator.
Shipping Instructions:Ship at refrigerated temperature.
Stability:12 hours at room temperature; 10 days refrigerated; 1 month frozen.
Test Performed at or Referral Lab Infectious Diseases Diagnostic Laboratory  (UMMC-East Bank)


Reference Range:No viral or bacterial targets detected.
Use:This is a multiplexed nucleic acid test for the qualitative detection and identification of multiple respiratory viral and bacterial nucleic acids in NP swabs obtained from individuals exhibiting signs and symptoms or respiratory tract infection.

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