Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 (HIV-1) Qualitative by NAAT


Sunquest Code:HIV1QL  
Epic Code:LAB8137Epic Name:Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 (HIV-1) Qualitative by NAAT
Synonyms:HIV 1; HIV-1
Methodology:Transcription mediated amplification
Turnaround Time:Specimens are sent to the reference laboratory Mon-Sat; results are reported within 1-4 days.
Compliance:

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by ARUP Laboratories. It has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. This test was performed in a CLIA certified laboratory and is intended for clinical purposes.



Collection Instructions

Specimen:Blood
Optimal Volume:4 mL
Minimum\Peds Volume:1.8 mL
Container:Purple (EDTA) (Yellow (ACD, Solution A) tube available from laboratory)
Causes for Rejection:Room temperature or heparinized specimens.


Processing and Shipping

Specimen Processing:Within 24 hours of collection: Centrifuge and aliquot 2 mL, 0.8 mL minimum.  Store frozen.
Shipping Instructions:Ship at frozen temperature.
Stability:After separation from cells: 72 hours refrigerated; 90 days frozen.
Test Performed at or Referral Lab Lab Sendouts  (ARUP)
Referral Lab number:3003760


Interpretive

Reference Range:Not detected
Use:This test detects human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA from Group M, N and O subtypes; it does not detect HIV-1 proviral DNA. A result of "Not Detected" does not rule out HIV-1 RNA concentrations below the limit of detection of the assay or the presence of inhibitors in the patient specimen. The diagnosis of HIV-1 infection should not be made based solely on a single HIV-1 test result. Diagnosis requires repeat and confirmatory testing as recommended by U.S Health and Human Services Guidelines.
Improper specimen handling can cause false negatives or contamination.   Assay detects HIV-1 virus RNA. Proviral DNA will not be detected.


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