Cytology, Body Fluid

Abbrev Code:NGNCT   
Order Code:LAB1001Order Name:Cytology Non Gyn
Synonyms:Body Fluid, Cytology; Pericardial Fluid, Cytology; Peritoneal Fluid, Cytology; Pleural Fluid, Cytology; Synovial Fluid, Cytology; Ascites; Pelvic Washing
Methodology:Preparation, routine staining and microscopic evaluation; special stains if indicated
CPT Codes: 88112-26 x1, 88112 x1
Test Includes:Preparation, routine staining and microscopic evaluation; if special stains or immunohistochemical procedures are indicated, they are ordered by the pathologist and performed at additional charge.
Turnaround Time:Performed Mon-Fri, 0800-1500: results are reported within 1-3 days.
Special Instructions:Provide pertinent clinical history.

Collection Instructions

Specimen:Non-Gynecologic Body Fluids or Washings.
Optimal Volume:Prefer 100 mL or more.
Minimum\Peds Volume:
  • Peritoneal fluid: 50 mL
  • Pleural fluid: 30 mL
  • Pericardial fluid: 10 mL
  • Washings: 10 mL (recommended)
  • Synovial fluid: 5 mL (recommended)

Submission of a small volume aliquot from a large volume fluid collection may result in insufficient cellular material needed to make an accurate diagnosis.
Container:Plastic leakproof container, sterile
Collection Instructions:If aliquoting, shake the original container to re-suspend cells prior to pouring into aliquot container. Do not send fluids in chest drainage apparatus as any clots which may form cannot be removed without potential infection hazard.
Causes for Rejection:Syringe with needle attached.

Processing and Shipping

Specimen Processing:Store in refrigerator.
Shipping Instructions:
  • Fresh Unfixed Fluid: Refrigerated.
  • Fixed Fluid: Room temperature. Also acceptable: Refrigerated.
  • Fixed or Unfixed Slides: Room temperature. Also acceptable: Refrigerated
  • Fresh Unfixed Fluid: Ambient: Unacceptable; Refrigerated: 72 hours; Frozen: Unacceptable
  • Fixed Fluid: Ambient: 1 week; Refrigerated: 1 week; Frozen: Unacceptable
  • Fixed or Unfixed Slides: Ambient: 1 week; Refrigerated: 1 week; Frozen: Unacceptable
Test Performed at or Referral Lab UM Cytology  (UMMC East Bank)


Reference Range:Results reported as negative to positive for malignant cells or other abnormalities.
Use:Establish the presence of primary or metastatic neoplasms; aid in the diagnosis of myeloproliferative and lymphoproliferative disorders. Examination of synovial fluid from a joint effusion may aid in the diagnosis of metabolic arthritis (gout or pseudogout), rheumatoid arthritis, or traumatic arthritis.

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