Cytology, Body Fluid

Abbrev Code:NGNCT   
Order Code:LAB1001Order Name:Cytology Non Gyn
Synonyms:Body Fluid, Cytology; Pericardial Fluid, Cytology; Peritoneal Fluid, Cytology; Pleural Fluid, Cytology; Synovial Fluid, Cytology; Ascites; Pelvic Washing
Methodology:Preparation, routine staining and microscopic evaluation; special stains if indicated
CPT Codes: 88112-26 x1, 88112 x1
Test Includes:Preparation, routine staining and microscopic evaluation; if special stains or immunohistochemical procedures are indicated, they are ordered by the pathologist and performed at additional charge.
Turnaround Time:Performed Mon-Fri, 0800-1500: results are reported within 1-3 days.
Special Instructions:Provide pertinent clinical history.

Collection Instructions

Specimen:Pleural fluid, peritoneal fluid, pericardial fluid, pelvic washing or synovial fluid
Optimal Volume:Prefer 100 mL or more.
Minimum\Peds Volume:5 mL (Submission of a small volume aliquot from a large volume fluid collection may result in insufficient cellular material needed to make an accurate diagnosis.)
Container:Plastic leakproof container, sterile
Alternate Containers: See Collection Instructions
Collection Instructions:If aliquoting, shake the original container to re-suspend cells prior to pouring into aliquot container. Add 1 unit of heparin per mL of fluid. Do not send fluids in chest drainage apparatus as any clots which may form cannot be removed without potential infection hazard.
Causes for Rejection:Syringe with needle attached.

Processing and Shipping

Specimen Processing:Store in refrigerator.
Shipping Instructions:Ship at refrigerated temperature.
Stability:Fresh unfixed fluid: 1 week refrigerated. Frozen is unacceptable.
Fixed or unfixed slides: Ambient
Test Performed at or Referral Lab UM Cytology  (UMMC East Bank)


Reference Range:Results reported as negative to positive for malignant cells or other abnormalities.
Use:Establish the presence of primary or metastatic neoplasms; aid in the diagnosis of myeloproliferative and lymphoproliferative disorders. Examination of synovial fluid from a joint effusion may aid in the diagnosis of metabolic arthritis (gout or pseudogout), rheumatoid arthritis, or traumatic arthritis.

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